Ikuphi idivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka efakwe ebhokisini lokusabalalisa

nansi idivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka efakwe ebhokisini lokusabalalisa

 

Idivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka ingakhipha ngokushesha umbani ohlasela isistimu yokuphakela amandla, ukuze umehluko ongaba khona womzila wonke uhambisane, ngakho abanye abantu bakubize ngesixhumi se-equipotential.Kodwa-ke, ngemva kokuba amakhasimende amaningi e-oda abavikeli bokuhlinzwa, ahlangabezana nenkinga enjalo: kufanele ngihlanganise kuphi idivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka kukhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla?Sizochaza ukuhlanganiswa komvikeli ohlinzayo kukhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla.

 

Ikhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla ngokuvamile ifakwe ama-switch switch, ama-switch avuzayo, ama-fuse, njll. ukulawula ukusatshalaliswa kwamandla okushintshwa kwamandla kumthwalo.Ngokuvamile, ngaphezu kwesishintshi somoya esikhulu sezigaba ezintathu ezinezintambo ezinhlanu, isishintshi somoya sizoqhubeka nokusatshalaliswa emgwaqeni wegatsha lomthwalo ongemuva..

 

Ngakho-ke, ngokwesimo somhlangano kanye nesimo sokusabalalisa amandla, singahlukanisa izinhlangothi ezimbili zokushintsha komoya zibe ohlangothini lokushintshwa kwamandla kanye nohlangothi lomthwalo.Uma uhlangothi lokushintshwa komoya luxhunywe kugesi oshintshayo, luwuhlangothi lokushintshwa kwamandla, futhi uma luxhunywe emthwalweni, luwuhlangothi lomthwalo.Ngomshini oyinhloko wokushintsha umoya, izinhlangothi zombili zawo azixhunywanga ngokushesha emthwalweni, ngakho-ke zonke zisohlangothini lokushintsha amandla kagesi, kuyilapho ukushintshwa komoya ongaphansi kwehlukile, kunohlangothi olushintshayo lokunikezwa kwamandla kanye nohlangothi lomthwalo.

 

Ngemva kokuqonda uhlangothi olushintshayo lokuphakelwa kwamandla kanye nohlangothi lomthwalo, masibambe kahle ukuhlanganiswa kwedivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka kukhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla.Izinga lamazwe ngamazwe libeka ukuthi isivikeli esihlinzayo kufanele sifakwe ohlangothini lokunikezwa kwamandla okushintshwayo, ngakho-ke, ngokuvamile, singakhetha ukusihlanganisa ngaphambi noma ngemuva kwesinqamuli sesekhethi sezigaba ezintathu sezintambo ezinhlanu.Kodwa-ke, umhlangano othile nawo udinga ukunqunywa ngokuya ngemininingwane ekhona lapho.Isibonelo, akukho ukushintsha komoya okuhlukile noma ezinye izimo ezikhethekile kukhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla.Ingaphambili le-air switch enkulu iwuhlangothi olushintshayo lokuphakela amandla, kanti ingemuva iwuhlangothi lomthwalo.

 

Isibonelo, lapho senza uhlelo lwekhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla ezibani zemikhosi endaweni encane, sihlangabezane nesimo esikhethekile: nakuba izibani zemikhosi ezindaweni zokuhlala zinezabelo zokushintsha umoya, azivame ukusetshenziswa, futhi isikhathi esiningi ziyaphazamiseka. .Kuvulwa kuphela ngesikhathi semikhosi ehlukile.

 

Uma kubhekwa lesi simo, umshini wokushintsha umoya oyinhloko uba ukuphela kwamandla okushintshwa kwekhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla.Uhlangothi lwesobunxele lweswishi yomoya eyinhloko luwuhlangothi olushintshayo lokuphakela amandla, futhi uhlangothi lwesokudla luwuhlangothi lomthwalo, ngakho idivayisi yokuvikela ukukhuphuka kufanele ihlanganiswe kutheminali yezigaba ezintathu ezinezintambo ezinhlanu ohlangothini lwesobunxele lweswishi yomoya eyinhloko. .

 

Sekukonke, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi isimo sinjani, udinga kuphela ukwazi ukuthi uhlukanisa kanjani uhlangothi lokushintshwa kwamandla kanye nohlangothi lomthwalo, futhi ulandele izidingo zamazinga omhlaba jikelele mayelana nokuma komhlangano wedivayisi yokuvikela ukuhlinza.Inkinga lapho umvikeli ohlinzayo ehlanganiswe khona kukhabhinethi yokusabalalisa amandla ingaxazululeka.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jun-29-2022