Ukwakheka kwenduku yombani

Iinduku yombaniyakhiwe izingxenye ezintathu: idivayisi yokunqamula umoya, i-conductor ephansi kanye nomzimba ophansi.Idivayisi yokuqeda umoya ngokuvamile yenziwe ngensimbi eyindilinga noma ipayipi lensimbi enobubanzi obuyi-15 kuya ku-20 mm nobude obungu-1 kuya ku-2 m.Esikhathini sokuduma kwezulu, lapho amafu anamandla eyenzeka esibhakabhakeni sezakhiwo eziphakeme, inani elikhulu lokushaja kagesi lingeniswa phezu kwenduku yombani nangaphezulu kwesakhiwo esiphakeme.Ngenxa yokuthi ichopho lenduku yombani likhonjiwe, ichopho lekhondatha lihlala liqongelela inani elikhulu likagesi phakathi nokungeniswa kwe-electrostatic.Ngaleyo ndlela, induku yombani iqoqa imali eningi.Induku yombani yenza i-capacitor ngalawa mafu akhokhisiwe, ngoba ibukhali, okungukuthi, indawo ebheke izigxobo ezimbili ze-capacitor incane kakhulu, futhi i-capacitance incane kakhulu, ngamanye amazwi, ingabamba icala elincane kakhulu.Futhi iqongelela inkokhiso eningi, ngakho-ke uma kunamacala amaningi ongqimbeni lwamafu, igesi ephakathi kwenduku yombani nongqimba lwamafu iphuka kalula bese iba umqhubi.Ngaleyo ndlela, ungqimba lwamafu olunamandla kanye nenduku yombani kwakha umsele, futhi induku yombani nayo iyaqina.Induku yombani ingaqondisa ukushaja kungqimba lwamafu emhlabathini, ukuze ingabi yingozi esakhiweni esinezitezi eziningi futhi iqinisekise ukuphepha kwaso.Ifu elishajiwe liqala ukusebenza ukusuka phezulu kuye phansi.Lapho induku yombani ifakwe endaweni ephakeme, ugesi phakathi kwamafu uzophela kuqala, bese kuthi lapho indlu ithinta ifu, ngokuyisisekelo akukho noma ugesi omncane kuphela futhi ayikho ingozi..Izinti zombani nezintambo zombani ngokuvamile zisetshenziselwa ukuvikela ekushayweni kombani oqondile.Izigxobo zombani kanye namakhondaktha ombani empeleni ziyisethi yabaqhubi bombani, okungaholela ekushayeni umbani kubo futhi kuvuze phansi, ngaleyo ndlela kuvikelwe ezinye izinto zokusebenza ekushayweni kombani.Izinti zombani ngokuvamile zisetshenziselwa ukunakekela izinto zokusebenza eziteshini zikagesi naseziteshini ezincane.Amakhondaktha ombani asetshenziswa kakhulu ukugcina izintambo zikagesi, futhi angasetshenziswa futhi ukugcina izinto zokusebenza eziteshini zikagesi neziteshi ezincane.Induku yombani iqukethe izingxenye ezintathu: idivayisi yokunqamula umoya, umthofu ophansi kanye nomzimba ophansi.(1) Ukunqanyulwa komoya.I-receptor yombani itholakala ekugcineni kwenduku yombani.Kufanele ibe phezulu kunempahla okufanele ivikelwe.Ingaphezulu licijile futhi liyingxenye enkulu yenduku yombani.Idivaysi yokuqeda umoya ngokuvamile yenziwe ngensimbi eyindilinga eyindilinga noma ipayipi elithathiwe elinobude obuyi-1-2m.(2) Gcoba umthofu.Ikhondatha yaphansi iyintambo exhumayo phakathi kwedivayisi yokunqamula umoya kanye nomzimba ophansi.Isetshenziselwa ukwethula ngokuphephile amandla ombani kudivayisi yokunqamula umoya emzimbeni ophansi.Ivamise ukwakhiwa ngensimbi eyindilinga eyindilinga enobubanzi obungekho ngaphansi kuka-8mm noma umucu wensimbi ewuthayela onengxenye enqamulayo engekho ngaphansi kuka-35mm².Ingenziwa futhi ngensimbi eyisicaba enobukhulu obungekho ngaphansi kuka-4mm nobubanzi obungekho ngaphansi kuka-12mm.Izakhiwo zikakhonkolo nazo zingasetshenziswa.Ibha yensimbi esigxotsheni sombhoshongo noma umbhoshongo wensimbi ngokwawo usetshenziswa njengomqhubi ophansi.(3) Umzimba ophansi.Umzimba ophansi uyingxenye yokugcina engezansi yenduku yombani, okuyiqembu lama-conductor abekwe phansi.Umsebenzi wayo ukunciphisa ukumelana phakathi kwenduku yombani kanye nomhlabathi ukuze kuncishiswe i-amplitude ye-voltage impulse voltage.Umzimba ophansi ngokuvamile ushayelwa endaweni okuyiwa kuyo ngobuningi bensimbi ye-engeli, insimbi eyisicaba noma amapayipi ensimbi ayindilinga, futhi ukumelana nokuphansi komzimba ophansi akunakudlula inani elishiwo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jul-09-2022